tt.humanist :: humanism :: philosophy
What is Humanism?
A Humanist ethos is crucial for any society which wishes to be peaceful, stable and progressive. Humanist tenets are based on the principles of rational and ethical thought and action. Humanism effectively meets challenges on the basis of reason and common humanity.
In analysing policy matters, Humanists draw upon relevant scientific theories, reliable research, and available data. Where policy decisions require a moral dimension, Humanists apply ethical reasoning i.e. a moral argument based on logic, observation and experience.
See expanded view in Association : Profile
Humanism is a progressive lifestance that, without supernaturalism, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead meaningful, ethical lives capable of adding to the greater good of humanity.
Humanism is the belief that we can live good lives without religious or superstitious beliefs. Humanists make sense of the world using reason, experience and shared human values. We seek to make the best of the one life we have by creating meaning and purpose for ourselves. We take responsibility for our actions and work with others for the common good.
The Humanist Society of Scotland (HSS) seeks to represent those who adopt a non-religious, but ethical life stance based on enlightened self-interest. It aims to build a better human world without reliance on supernatural forces.
A Humanist believes that the happiness of individuals and of humankind depends on people rather than on religion and dogma.
Section 116 of the Australian Constitution:
For people who want to live happy, useful and satisfying lives without gods or goddesses, angels or demons, heavens or hells.
The Libre Pensée supports reason and science. It is not a party and is independent of all political parties. It is not a church and has no dogma. It aims to develop in everyone a spirit of tolerance and free inquiry.
Free thought regards religions as the worst obstacles to the emancipation of the mind. It judges them wrong in their principles and harmful in their actions. It condemns religion for dividing mankind and for turning it away from earthly objectives by encouraging superstition and fear of the beyond, of degenerating into clericalism, fanaticism, imperialism and commercialism, and for helping reactionary forces hold the masses in ignorance and servitude. The Libre Pensée condemns the pretence of religion to adopt the ideas of liberty, progress, science, social justice and peace, in order to re-establish its domination over the minds of men.
Humanism is part of the foundation of laïcité.
The humanist philosophy goes back to Protagoras, a Greek sophist of the 5 th century BCE : Man is the measure of all things. Socrates, some Indian thinkers, the Italian then the French Renaissance, so many authors and philosophers developed a humanist vision : the search for a free, happy human being whose potentialities can be fully developed. Humanism keeps untouched the possibilities for different people to live together while retaining their differences if they manage to agree on a few common principles.
Polish Humanist Association was set up in the beginning of the nineties (1991) as the first humanist organisation in post-communist Poland. At that time, we didn't know about the existence of international humanist movement and the contemporary meaning of humanism as a worldview, set of values, intellectual, social and political option was a concept we had developed quite independently in the late eighties (nearly 40 years after Amsterdam founding congress of International Humanist & Ethical Union). It was only a year or so after the establishment of the Association when we had first contact with Dutch humanists and when we discovered that humanism in the modern sense was not our original discovery. As you may imagine we were both - a little disappointed and quite thrilled by the perspective of the future possible relations with a large international movement.
The founding group consisted mainly of young intellectuals: writers, philosophers, historians, publicists and students. Some of us were mainly interested in politics and social issues (advocating human rights and liberties, redefining democracy etc.) others in arts or philosophy, so for the first two years we were first of all preoccupied with building our own group identity. This process has not been and will probably never be finished but what we have already managed to achieve in this regard proved to be enough to survive and do some work together.
Established in 1960, devoted primarily to the promotion of human values through free thought and the scientific spirit of free enquiry
The Indian Humanist Union was established in 1960, devoted primarily to the promotion of human values through free thought and the scientific spirit of free enquiry into religious and ethical questions. It seeks to effect attitudinal changes through diverse means and brings out a quarterly journal, the "Humanist Outlook" which has been under publication since 1966.
To give financial viability to the humanist movement in India, the Humanist Endowment Fund Society was established in 1970. All contributions/donations received are judiciously invested and only the dividend, interest or profit accruing from them is available for expenditure. Contributions, donations, etc. to Humanist Endowment Fund Society are eligible for deduction from taxable income in terms of Section 80(G) of the Income Tax Rules 1961.
What links the mathematician and pacifist Bertrand Russell with Baudelaire, Samuel Beckett, Henrik Ibsen? What do writers Carducci, George Bernard Shaw, André Gide and William Faulkner have in common with scientists Büchner, Marie Curie and Linus Pauling? The Nobel Prize? No, not only that: so what would Bertold Brecht, Mark Twain, Anton Chekhov, H.G. Wells, Proust and Victor Hugo, as well as Brahms, Debussy, Picasso, Matisse and Garibaldi have in common? No, not even their prizes and awards are the most important thing. What is more important is that much of the renewal of culture and science, much of the progress achieved in our time is due to the work of Freethinkers, which is what all of these people were.
As secularists, we maintain that religion should be a matter for the home and place of worship; it should not have privilege in public life, as it does in the UK today. We do, however, affirm the right of everyone to believe or not to believe according to their conscience, and to have the right to change or renounce their faith or belief. Religious bodies should have the same right but no more to put forward their views publicly as any other interest group.
SOS is an alternative recovery method for those alcoholics or drug addicts who are uncomfortable with the spiritual content of widely available 12-Step programs. SOS takes a reasonable, secular approach to recovery and maintains that sobriety is a separate issue from religion or spirituality. SOS credits the individual for achieving and maintaining his or her own sobriety, without reliance on any "Higher Power." SOS respects recovery in any form regardless of the path by which it is achieved. It is not opposed to or in competition with any other recovery programs.
SOS supports healthy skepticism and encourages the use of the scientific method to understand alcoholism.